New Jack City is a 1991 American crime thriller film based upon an original story and written by Thomas Lee Wright and Barry Michael Cooper, and directed by Mario Van Peebles in his directorial debut as he also co-stars in the film. The film stars Wesley Snipes, Ice-T, Allen Payne, Chris Rock, Mario Van Peebles, Judd Nelson, and Bill Cobbs. The film was released in the United States on March 8, 1991.
Wesley Snipes plays Nino Brown, a rising drug lord in New York City during the crack epidemic. Ice-T plays Scotty Appleton, a detective who vows to stop Nino's criminal activity by going undercover to work for Nino's gang.
The story begins in Harlem 1986, and Nino Brown and his gang, the Cash Money Brothers (CMB), become the dominant drug ring in New York City once crack cocaine is introduced to the streets. His gang consists of his best friend, Gee Money; enforcer Duh Duh Duh Man; gun moll Keisha; Nino's girlfriend, Selina; and her tech-savvy cousin, Kareem.
Nino converts the Carter apartment complex into a crack house. Gee Money and Keisha kill rival Fat Smitty, the CMB throws out the tenants, and Nino forces the landlord out onto the streets naked. Meanwhile, undercover detective Scotty Appleton attempts to make a deal with stick-up kid Pookie, but Pookie runs off with the money. Appleton chases Pookie and shoots him in the leg, but the police let him go. Nino's gang successfully run the streets of Harlem over the next three years.
When Det. Stone comes under pressure, Appleton volunteers to infiltrate Nino's gang and is partnered with loose-cannon Nick Peretti. Elsewhere, mobster Frankie Needles attempts to collect taxes from Nino, who refuses to pay. While Appleton and Peretti spy on Nino and his gang as they hand out Thanksgiving turkeys to the poor, Appleton spots Pookie, now a crack addict, as the man beats his junkie girlfriend. Instead of arresting him, Appleton gets Pookie into rehab. Later Pookie offers to help bring down Nino. Against his better judgment and the disapproval of Stone and Peretti, Appleton recruits Pookie as an informant in the Carter.
When Pookie relapses, Gee Money realizes that he is wired, and he orders the Carter destroyed. The cops find Pookie's bloody corpse, but it is booby-trapped; Peretti defuses the explosives seconds before it explodes. Angry, Nino warns Gee Money not to make such a costly mistake again.
After Pookie's funeral and no longer needed by Stone, Appleton and Peretti go undercover as drug dealers. After bribing Frankie Needles, Appleton infiltrates the CMB, due in part to Gee Money's increasing ambition and drug use. Though Nino distrusts them, he agrees to do business. After relating an anecdote about his own violent initiation into a gang, Nino warns that he will kill both Appleton and Gee Money if there are any problems.
Appleton gains Nino's trust when he reveals information about Gee Money's side deal and saves Nino from a gun-toting old man who had earlier appealed to police for help against Nino. While Nino, Appleton, and the CMB attend a wedding, Peretti sneaks into Nino's mansion to collect evidence.
Don Armeteo sends hitmen to assassinate Nino, and a massive shootout erupts between the CMB and his hitmen. When Nino uses a child as a shield, Appleton attempts to shoot Nino behind his back. Keisha is gunned down as she sprays bullets into the hitmen's van as they escape. Later, Selina condemns Nino for his murderous activities, and Nino throws her out. Nino later kills Don Armeteo and his crew from a speeding motorcycle in retaliation for the wedding shootout.
Stone, Appleton and Peretti arrange a sting operation to nab Nino. Kareem, who knows that Appleton and Pookie were connected, blows Appleton's cover, and a shootout ensues. Peretti saves Appleton by killing the Duh Duh Duh Man, and Nino escapes. That night, Nino confronts Gee Money, who accuses Nino of egotism, and Nino regretfully kills him. After the gang's collapse, Nino holes up in an apartment and continues his criminal empire solo. Scotty and Nick assault the complex, and Scotty brutally beats Nino, revealing that it was his mother that Nino killed in his gang initiation. Nick talks Scotty out of killing Nino, who is taken into custody amid threats of retaliation.
At his trial, Nino pleads guilty to a lesser charge, claims to have been forced to help the gang due to threats, and identifies Kareem as the leader. When Nino is sentenced to only one year in jail, Scotty is outraged. As Nino speaks with reporters outside of the courtroom, the old man again confronts Nino and shoots him in the chest. Scotty and Nick are both satisfied as Nino falls over the balcony to his death. As onlookers look down at Nino's body, an epilogue states to the viewers that decisive action must be taken to stop real-life Nino Brown analogues.
- Wesley Snipes as Nino Brown, an arrogant, smart drug kingpin who murdered Scotty Appleton's mother.
- Ice-T as Scotty Appleton, a New York City police detective who vows to bring Nino down as retribution for his mother's death at Nino's hands.
- Allen Payne as Gerald "Gee Money" Wells; Nino's childhood friend and the second-in-command of the Cash Money Brothers (CMB).
- Chris Rock as "Pookie" Benny Robinson; a former stick-up kid who becomes homeless and poor after Appleton shoots him in the ankle. Later he becomes a crack addict and eventually a police informant.
- Judd Nelson as Nick Peretti, Appleton's partner in the CMB investigation.
- Mario Van Peebles as Stone; the leader of the CMB police operation.
- Michael Michele as Selina Thomas, Nino Brown's girlfriend, who becomes extremely jealous when Nino falls for Gee Money's girlfriend.
- Bill Nunn as the Duh Duh Duh Man, the CMB enforcer and Nino's personal bodyguard.
- Russell Wong as Park, a tech-savvy police officer who has Pookie use high technology for his infiltration.
- Bill Cobbs as Old man, an elderly man who is against Nino's crimes in the city. He shoots and kills Nino as he exits the courtroom; Nino falls to his death.
- Christopher Williams as Kareem Akbar, a bank teller turned gang member of the CMB.
- Vanessa Estelle Williams as Keisha, a female gang member of the CMB.
- Tracy Camilla Johns as Uniqua, Gee Money's ex-girlfriend who falls for Nino.
- Anthony DeSando as Frankie Needles in His Arms, a mobster who has connections with the CMB from his boss, Don Armeteo. Nick and Scotty force him to persuade Gee Money to admit Appleton to the gang.
- Nick Ashford, as Reverend Oates
- Keith Sweat, as singer at the wedding
- Flavor Flav, as a DJ.
The film is based upon an original story and screenplay written by Thomas Lee Wright. According to Carl Hart, who corresponded with Wright following Hart's criticism of New Jack City, the screenplay was originally written as The Godfather: Part III, and featured a protagonist who sold heroin rather than cocaine. Wright later wrote, directed and produced Eight Tray Gangster: The Making of a Crip, a documentary of gang life in South Central Los Angeles.
The screenplay was co-written by Barry Michael Cooper, formerly an investigative reporter with the Village Voice. He also wrote the screenplays for the dramatic films Above the Rim (1994) and Sugar Hill (1994). The latter film also starred Snipes.
Cooper's rewrite was adapted from his December 1987 The Village Voice cover story entitled "Kids Killing Kids: New Jack City Eats Its Young," about the drug war in Detroit. The account referred to the 20th anniversary of the 1967 riots in Detroit, and in its wake, the rise of crack cocaine gangs in the late 1980s, such as Young Boys Inc., and the Chambers Brothers.
Peebles's 1991 film is set in New York City and was filmed there between April 16 and June 6, 1990.
New Jack City received a favorable reception by film critics for its cast, storyline, and soundtrack. Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film three and a half stars out of four, writing:
Truffaut once said it was impossible to make an anti-war movie, because the war sequences would inevitably be exciting and get the audience involved on one side or the other. It is almost as difficult to make an anti-drug movie, since the lifestyle and money of the drug dealers looks like fun, at least until they're killed. This movie pulls off that tricky achievement. Nino, who looks at the dead body of Scarface and laughs, does not get the last laugh.
The film initially premiered at the Sundance Film Festival on January 17, 1991, before being released nationally on March 8, 1991. The film, produced with an estimated $8,000,000 budget, grossed $7,039,622 during its opening weekend. It became the highest-grossing independent film of 1991, grossing a total of $47,624,253 domestically. The film holds a 77% on Rotten Tomatoes based on 30 reviews.
American Film Institute Lists
|Year||Album||Peak chart positions||Certifications|
|1991||New Jack City
DVD was released in Region 1 in the United States on August 25, 1998 and Region 2 in the United Kingdom on July 26, 1999, it was distributed by Warner Home Video. DVD was re-released as a Two-Disc Special Edition in Region 1 in the United States on August 23, 2005 and Region 2 in the United Kingdom on January 23, 2006.
Special Edition DVD features:
- Commentary by: director and co-star Mario Van Peebles
- New Jack City: A Hip-Hop Classic
- Harlem World: A Walk Inside
- The Road to New Jack City
- Original music videos: "New Jack Hustler" (Nino's Theme) by Ice-T, "I'm Dreamin'" by Christopher Williams, and "I Wanna Sex You Up" by Color Me Badd
- Original theatrical trailer
The New Orleans-based Rap label Cash Money Records is named after the Cash Money Brothers gang. Cash Money Records rapper Lil Wayne has a series of albums titled Tha Carter after The Carter Complex, and Lil Wayne and Tyga have referred to themselves as Young Nino. Wrestler New Jack got his name from this movie. Comedian Gary Gulman refers to the movie in his Comedy Central special "In This Economy," when ranting against the now defunct Blockbuster video stores and their late fee policies.
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- (As determined by Writers Guild of America arbitration)
- Hart, Carl (2021). Drug Use for Grown-Ups: Chasing Liberty in the Land of Fear. Penguin Press. ISBN 9781101981641.
- The film explored the Rodney King riots from a gang member's perspective. The Hollywood Reporter described this Discovery Channel production as "more frightening and sympathetic than any existing dramatic films on the subject".
- "Hooked on the American Dream-Vol.1: New Jack City Eats Its Young - Kindle edition by Barry Michael Cooper. Literature & Fiction Kindle eBooks @". Archived from the original on May 12, 2021. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
- Wilmington, Michael (March 8, 1991). "Plot Twists Litter Harlem Thriller 'New Jack City'". The Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on May 21, 2011. Retrieved October 26, 2010.
- Roger Ebert. "New Jack City Archived September 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine". Chicago Sun-Times. May 1, 1991.
- "New Jack City (1991), directed by Mario Van Peebles | Film review". Timeout.com. Archived from the original on March 11, 2007. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
- "AFI's 100 Years ... 100 Thrills Nominees" (PDF). Afi.com. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 24, 2016. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
- "AFI's 10 Top 10 Ballot" (PDF). Afi.com. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 26, 2017. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
- "Cash Money Records - The Independent Years (1991-1998) at the Amoeblog". Amoeba.com. July 31, 2009. Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
- Andy Kellman (June 29, 2004). "Tha Carter - Lil Wayne | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Archived from the original on April 30, 2015. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
- "Lil Wayne – D.O.A. Lyrics | Genius". genius.com. Archived from the original on August 26, 2015. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
- "Young Nino, fuck a bitch in a peacoat – Faded Lyrics Meaning". genius.com. Archived from the original on May 12, 2021. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 19, 2016. Retrieved July 28, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (September 23, 2019). "'New Jack City' Reboot in Works With 'Snowfall's Malcolm M. Mays Writing". Deadline. Archived from the original on September 24, 2019. Retrieved September 23, 2019.
- New Jack City at Box Office Mojo
- New Jack City at IMDb
- New Jack City at Rotten Tomatoes
- New Jack City official site at WarnerVideo.com
- New Jack City movie review by Janet Maslin for the New York Times (1991)
- Cooper, Barry Michael (2011, March 16). "New Jack, New Jack: Big City of Dreams." Baltimore City Paper.