Murder in Harlem (also released as Lem Hawkins Confession and Brand of Cain) is a 1935 American race film written, produced and directed by Oscar Micheaux, who also appears in the film. He remade his 1921 silent film The Gunsaulus Mystery.
Basing the works on the 1913 trial of Leo Frank for the murder of Mary Phagan, Micheaux used the detective genre to introduce different voices and conflicting accounts by his characters. In July 2021, the film was shown in the Cannes Classics section at the 2021 Cannes Film Festival.
An African-American man is framed of the murder of a white woman, but a white man is found to be responsible. Author-turned-attorney Henry Glory is hired by the accused man's sister to defend him. Glory pieces the crime together, and the white killer is revealed.
- Clarence Brooks as Henry Glory
- as Claudia Vance
- Andrew S. Bishop as Anthony Brisbane
- as Lem Hawkins
- Laura Bowman as Mrs. Epps
- as The Catbird
- Alice B. Russell as Mrs. Vance
- Eunice Wilson as Singer
- as Arthur Vance
- David Hanna as Undetermined Role
- as Detective
- "Harlem Rhythm Dance" (Music and lyrics by Clarence Williams)
- "Ants in My Pants" (Music and lyrics by Clarence Williams)
- "Oscar Micheaux and Leo Frank: Cinematic Justice Across the Color Line", Film Quarterly, Summer 2004. Archived April 13, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- "2021 Cannes Classics Lineup Includes Orson Welles, Powell and Pressburger, Tilda Swinton & More". The Film Stage. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
- "Overview: Lem Hawkins’ Confession", Turner Classic Movies.
- J. Ronald Green, Straight Lick: The Cinema of Oscar Micheaux, Indiana University Press, 2000, p. 174.